To pick up fragments of broken glass use either damp newspaper or bread.
I unfortunately had to use this tip yesterday, I used the newspaper method and it worked a treat.

Instruction manuals

Have you lost your instruction manual for your sewing machine or perhaps purchased a second-hand washing machine without a manual and want to know how to use it. Try these sites for free downloadable instructions for many items.



Simple inexpensive pleasures

Pleasure need not be expensive, here are some free and cheap ideas for you to enjoy.

Make some home made fudge and enjoy with a cup of tea and a good (library) book.

Spend an evening making homemade bird treats - for example coat a pine cone with peanut butter and then cover in wild bird seed or string peanuts in their shells for tasty winter treats.

Wrap up warm and go for a long walk in the park or countryside or the beach...dog optional! Take a thermos of coffee or soup.

Visit your parents or grandparents - you will give a lot of pleasure to them and have happy memories yourself.

Do a jigsaw.

Watch a favourite film. (dvds can be hired inexpensively from the library or record off the tv)

Watch tv on your pc with sites such as http://www.bbc.co.uk/iplayer/

Go for a cycle ride.

Do some charity work.

Go for a walk along the canal or river and feed the ducks (not bread)A good feed supplier should be able to sell you some duck food. Or the RSPCA do a special wildfowl (duck and swan ) food http://www.birdfood.co.uk/products.php?area_id =2&nav_id=24

Go and forage for some free food. Get a good library book on the subject to help, otherwise stick to things you are sure you recognise such as blackberries in autumn.

Visit a museum or hall and go for a walk in the grounds also.

Playing cards or any boardgame.

Make rice krispie/cornflake cakes - melt some chocolate and stir in some cereal - done!


Write your shopping list on the back of a used envelope. This way you can keep any coupons you may have inside, to save you forgeting them.

Frugal cooking substitutes

If you’re baking or cooking and suddenly realize that you’re out of an ingredient, and its not practical to go to the shop or miss it out all together, try substituting food you already have. It may be that you like the recipe, but not a particular ingredient because of taste, allergies or ethics. Also its more frugal to try to use what you have, than to go out and buy extra ingredients if you can manage, it saves on time, petrol and potential unneccessary purchases!

Try some of these:

CELERY: Celeriac, cabbage, celery salt, water chestnuts, peas, carrots, asparagus, fennel bulb, green pepper, apples or lettuce hearts.
MUSHROOMS: Courgette or aubergine.
PUMPKIN: Carrots can be substituted.
TOMATOES: Roasted or fresh bell peppers.
CORN SYRUP: Agave syrup, ice cream syrup topping, maple syrup, golden syrup.
EGGS: Substitute half a mashed ripe banana and 1/4 teaspoon baking powder
SOUR CREAM: 190g plain yogurt plus 1 teaspoon of bicarbonate of soda
BUTTERMILK: Add a bit of vinegar or lemon juice to soya milk.
CHOCOLATE: For 1 square dark chocolate, try 3 tablespoons cocoa and 1 tablespoon margarine.
COCOA POWDER: carobs a healthier substitution, but an aquired taste and unless you use it, you probably won't have any of this in to replace cocoa with anyway!
CANNED BEANS: Any other canned beans, if using baked beans thought, rince the sauce off and use for something else.
PINE NUTS: Sunflower seeds make a good substitutution, especially in pesto and also make it cheaper!
CHILI SAUCE: Combine 1 cup (240ml) tomato sauce, 1/4 cup brown sugar, 2 tablespoons vinegar, 1/4 teaspoon cinnamon, dash allspice
SUGAR: Use light brown sugar or icing sugar.
BAKING POWDER: 1 teaspoon baking soda plus 1/2 teaspoon cream of tartar replaces 1 teaspoon baking powder.
CORNSTARCH: 2 tablespoons flour or 4 teaspoons quick-cooking tapioca can replace 1 tablespoon of cornstarch.
BROWN SUGAR: Any other sugar.
BREADCRUMBS: Cracker crumbs, oatmeal, rice, cereal.
KETCHUP: Try using a mixture of tomato sauce, sugar and vinegar.
FRESH GARLIC: Use 1/8 teaspoon garlic powder to replace 1 clove fresh garlic.
BARBECUE SAUCE: Combine ketchup, brown sugar, lemon juice, onion, vinegar and mustard to taste.
PECANS: Substitute roasted peanuts or walnuts.
GROUND NUTS - substitute any other ground nuts
DRIED FRUIT - currants, sultanas and raisins are interchangeable, if you don't have any of these try any other dried fruit such as apricots, dates, prunes, figs etc
ALLSPICE: Combine nutmeg, cloves and cinnamon in equal parts.

Egg Substitutes (taken from the vegan society website)
Eggs are used to bind a dish and, when whipped, may also incorporate air making a cake or pudding very light. Vegan egg replacement powders are available from health food shops. This can be useful, especially for tricky foods like meringues. However, many recipes can be adapted using one of the suggestions below. Just remember to bear in mind the final dish... you can't use banana as a substitute when making a quiche!

instead of 1 egg, you can use...
1 tbsp gram (chick pea) or soya flour and 1 tbsp water
1 tbsp arrowroot, 1 tbsp soya flour and 2 tbsp water
2 tbsp flour, 1/2 tbsp shortening, 1/2 tsp baking powder and 2 tsp water
50g tofu blended with the liquid portion of the recipe
1/2 large banana, mashed
50 ml white sauce

tips on raising agents...
use self raising flour
add extra oil and raising agent (e.g. baking powder)
use about 2 heaped tsp baking powder per cake
instead of baking powder, use 3/4 tsp bicarbonate of soda and 1 dssp cider vinegar (good for chocolate cakes)
try sieving the flour and dry ingredients, then gently folding in the liquid to trap air

alternative binding agents...
soya milk
soya dessert - vanilla, chocolate, strawberry...
custard - see below
mashed banana
plain silken tofu
soya cream
sweet white sauce (soya milk, vegan margarine, sugar and cornflour)
agar agar


Put garlic cloves in a full watering can overnight, then use to water plants. This will help keep insects away whilst not harming the plant.


To bed shoes in so you are less likely to get blisters, where them in the house whilst doing housework. If they are very special shoes such as wedding shoes, were a sock over the top of them to keep them clean.

No waste

If you buy foods such as custard in longlife cartons, don't forget to open them up and use whats left in there, unless you squeeze the carton very well, there will be possibly another portion in there. This applies to other things as well such as tube whether its a spread or a toothpaste. Don't forget to empty tin and jars as well with a quick swill if adding to homemade food. For that last bit of jam, I add hot water and have a fruity jam hot drink!

I realised this is something I have been doing for years, that others don't think to do, so thought I'd share with you.


When painting or varnishing wooden stairs, paint alternative steps, so that you can still use the stairs. When dry, paint the rest!


Homemade scourers
Keep net bags from oranges and onions etc and put inside each other to make kitchen scourers.

Chickpea and Baked bean crumble

As I cooked a large batch of chickpeas yesterday to make chickpea recipes, here is the next one, following the hotpot yesterday. I have frozen the rest to make falafels and some other chickpea recipe at a later date.

2 large potatoes (about 230g)
1/2 large or 1 small onion
1 tbsp rapeseed oil
1 can chopped tomatoes
1/2 tsp cumin
1tsp garam masala
1/2 tsp mixed herbs
1 can chickpeas (I cooked mine from dried, but filled up the tomato tin to about 80% full)
1/2 can baked beans (you could add a full can i'm sure, its just I had half a can open!)
black pepper
50g vitalite or pure margarine
75g plain white or wholemeal flour
75g oats
25g ground almonds
1 tbsp sunflower seeds

Scrub and dice the potatoes and peel and dice the onion. Fry to onion and potatoes in the rapeseed oil for a couple of minutes. Stir in the canned tomatoes, spices and mixed herbs. Simmer for about 20 minutes until the potatoes are soft.
Meanwhile make the crumble topping. Rub the margarine into the flour and oats and stir in the ground almonds and sunflower seeds.
When the potatoes are cooked, add the chickpeas and baked beans into the tomato mixture. Season with black pepper.
Put into a ovenproof dish and top with the crumble.
Bake at 190C/375F/Gas 5 for about 40-50 minutes

Update: this was even better the next day warmed up!


Keep your apples (and other fruits) in the fridge. They will last up to two weeks longer.

E.A.T. - Lancashire, England

OK, here goes first Eating Around The World (and England) post.

I am doing a double challange. Eating my way around the world (EAT)and eating my way around the counties of England (and I shall add a few from Ireland, Wales and Scotland) (EAT-UK). So the first recipe is Lancashire hotpot, because I live in Lancashire and I liked the look of the recipe featured on the crafykook website in her England post. The eating my way around England idea came from watching the hairy bikers tour of the UK cooking programme. I thought it was a good idea and needed a veggie version!

Lancashire Hotpot veggie style (based on this recipe, with a few changes)

1 tbsp vegetable oil such as rapeseed oil
1/2 white onion diced
2 small carrots, diced
1 sweet potato, diced
1 acorn squash diced (any root vegetable will do, I just used this as it was on the reduced rack, when I went shopping!)
vitalite margarine
1 can chopped tomatoes
1 can chickpeas (I used dried that I soaked overnight and then cooked for 90 mins to save money! I cook several batches at once and freeze the rest in tin size portions.)
1 can aduki beans (you can use any pulses, I just used these, as I got them some organic ones for 19p from a bargain shop!)
dried mixed herbs and black pepper to taste
3 large potatoes steamed and sliced thinly

First I put the chopped veg and the potatoes on to steam, in separate steamer pans. The vegetables being in the bottom pan. I the fried the chopped onion in some rapeseed oil for a minute, then added a tbsp margarine and the steamed chopped vegetables and cooked for a further few minutes. When soft, I added the chickpeas, aduki beans and tinned tomatoes. Stir and add dried herbs and pepper to taste. Simmer until cooked. The potatoes should be cooked now, so take off the heat. You can put in a ovenproof dish and top with potato slices and grill and then serve from this dish. If doing this, dot with margarine and season with pepper as you lay the slices on. I don't bother with this personally, just more washing up! I just serve the veg and top with the potato slices and serve with vegetables and gravy.


Most foods can be frozen up until their use-by-date, so always check the label and if your not going to use it, freeze it for later use.

For more cook's secrets and way to avoid waste visit these sites for more info.


Dilute to save money. A lot of things can be diluted with no real difference in taste or performance. Why not try it and save some money at the same time.
I dilute liquid soap, washing up liquid and other cleaning products.
I also dilute soya milk and orange juice a little. (For adults only, need the extra calcium for growing children)
Some things can be diluted up to 50%. Try it with a little and increase it until you see a diffence and then go back one step, to your maximum dilution

This way you use less, which is better for the environment, less packaging in the long run and you save on your shopping bills.

Also for things that can't be diluted, try using half the recommended amount. e.g. washing powder, shampoo etc.

Try it and see.


If you grow your own garlic or buy in bulk to save money or just want to prepare in advance for when your cooking in a hurry this tip is for you. To prevent garlic cloves from drying out, peel then and store them in a jar filled with vegetable oil. They will stay fresher, save a little time when preparing your dish and you can then use the oil which will be flavoured with garlic in your cooking.

Cake -fat free or sugar free but not both

Today I was going to make a parsnip cake, then decided to make it carrot cake as I had so many carrots. Then I thought use apple sauce instead of margarine, dried fruit instead of sugar, extra carrot instead of banana. What was I thinking, making so many changes in one go. There was then just not enough liquid as the only other ingredient was juice of one orange. So instead I had to put a cup full of orange juice to dissolve the flour and baking powder. Anyway it was edible, looked like carrot cake, just tasted too much of orange juice! Not to be repeated and although I love to play with recipes, not so many changes in one go I think. So no recipe today!
So don't be afraid to changes things a little, if you want to adapt a cake recipe you can usually make it fat free or sugar free but not both, although perhaps low in both.

I think there has been too many experiments lately! So I think when I start eating my way round the world, hopefully next week I shall have to follow recipes!

I also plan to do a eating around the UK as part of this, with recipes from each county of England and then one or two from Wales, Scotland and Ireland. Like the hairy bikers did, but veganised versions! So I shall start with lancashire hotpot as i'm in lancashire and I liked the look of the one that the creater of eating your way round the world did recently for her England creations.


It has been suggested that I do a tip of the day, as every week in my day to day conversations I pass on tips. Sometimes its something i've done for years, other times its something i've just found out. I get my tips from friends, books, newsletters, websites, forums and magazines. I am sure there will be loads that you use or have heard of, but hopefully there will be some new ones occasionally. The tips will be covering lots of areas - cooking, gardening, sewing, frugal tips, moneysaving tips, bargains etc

So here we go with the first one.

To get more juice out of citrus fruit such as limes, oranges or lemons, warm one in the microwave for a few seconds, then roll it around on your worktop with the palm of your hand.

Also before you peel an orange or lemon to eat or use in your recipes, grate (or peel and chop) the skin to make your own orange/lemon peel. This can then be frozen for use in future recipes. This is best with organic or non waxed fruit of course, as you wouldn't want to add the wax coating to your recipe.

Frugality doesn’t have to mean sacrificing quality.

Smart personal finance is about changing your mindset about what’s necessary and important, about reducing your list of financial needs. But I’ve learned that part of this is finding a balance so that you aren’t ignoring your Wants entirely. There’s a place in every budget for conscious spending. To me, the basic law of frugality is: Decide what’s important to you. Give yourself permission to spend on these things. Pinch pennies on everything else.

I don’t care about name-brand items. My style is charity shop chic! All I want to do is pay as little as possible for basic clothes. But I’m not about to condemn those folks who do like fashion. If you can afford it — by which I mean you’re not sacrificing your financial goals — and if you’re spending consciously and if you’re buying quality. If you’re doing all of these things, then there’s absolutely nothing wrong with buying expensive clothes etc. if that’s what’ll make you happy.
And it doesn’t have to mean you never buy anything you want ever again. You can’t always get what you want — but you can sometimes!
This of course doesn't just apply to fashion, it applies to other things such as dvds as well.

Frugal Living - great for our post-excess recession times.

Frugal living: Making the most of what you've got and the most return for the least expense. This can include selling off things you don't need to make extra money and using the various websites to buy what you need at the best possible price. There is two sorts of money saving. One is paying less for what you purchase, whether its broadband, dvds, mobile phone charges or food etc. The second is maximizing your interest rates for any bank accounts and using cashback sites to maximise savings. Being frugal doesn't mean you are a scrooge. Eating at fast food burger bars is cheap. Cooking dinner and saving the leftovers for lunch the next day is frugal.

Shoping online
Not everything is automatically cheaper on amazon or ebay, using sites such as http://www.find-dvd.co.uk/ will let you know how much as particular dvd is on all the main selling sites such as amazon, hmv, play, and many more, so you can see which is the best value. This site can also be used for books, just replace dvd with book in the website address. Once you find the cheapest site use a cashback site such as http://www.topcashback.co.uk/ to receive cashback on your purchases. Amazon and ebay are not on this site, but may of the ones that come up cheap on the find sites are. You can also get great deals on insurance and broadband packages. Amazon and ebay are on the http://www.nectar.com/ site, so you can gain some points to use for your sainsburys groceries or nectar deals. Purchase through amazon receive one nectar point per £1 spent and ebay collect 1 point per £1 on Winning Bids and Buy-It-Now items.
Hope this helps you save money on any online purchases you are looking to make.

Ebay tip: Thousands of items are listed on eBay with spelling mistakes.These often end with no bids as no-one can find them. Use http://www.fatfingers.com/ to find these bargains!

MoneySavingExpert is the king of economy websites, it'll tell you how to do almost everything to save money. The site is split in to key sections for saving money on shopping, utilities, phones, banking, transport, insurance etc. There is also a great forum that has many areas. My favourate being the frugal old style section. Make MoneySavingExpert at the top of your top ten websites to check out each day. There is also a great weekly newsletter with up-to-date bargains and tips. Sign up to it today.

Eating Around The World

You might remember not that long ago me chatting about eating different foods from around the world on this thread.

Well The Crafty Kook blog has set up such a challenge for herself and anyone else that wishes to do so. All the info is here

She has visited many places in her recipes and the first place is Austria where she bakes danish pastries and they look yummy! I shall have to try those sometime.
So I plan to do some of this eating my way around the world. Will post what I do.

Millet recipe experiment

I started today with the intention of making millet and swiss chard casserole as featured on vegweb. The only changes I was making was to use red pepper instead of semi hot pepper and spinach instead of swiss chard. Well I was feeling lazy and didn't really think it though. I though I can't be bothered to fry the onion separate and create more washing up, so I will bung everything in one pot. Now at first glance this is like what I do when making spicy millet, except of course you need to add more water so it doesn't stick. Well I realised about the water just after adding the onions, but did not add enough, so it stuck to the bottom. So I had to swap pans, giving me the extra pan to wash up anyway! I now added more water and the millet was cooked quite quickly, but not dry and fluffy as it should be, more stodgy. So instead of it becoming a casserole, I took some out to serve cold with salad with the addition of some dried mint and tried to dry it out and fluff it up a little. I then put some in another pan with a pint of stock and veggie mince and mixed veg and that became a stew. The rest, that was stodgy, I decided to turn into burgers by adding some bread which I rubbed though my fingers to make sort of breadcrumbs. I then formed this mixture into 7 burgers and 6 roasts (muffin tin shapes). Pictures are of the stew, cold millet salad and burgers/roasts before they went in the oven. I sprinkled the burgers/roasts with paprika. So one recipe became three, so as before, don't give up when things go wrong, try your best to turn them into something else. I also have burgers/roasts and stew for the freezer.

Salad was nice to taste, just a little stodgy, will see what its like tomorrow
Stew was nice, but did need more flavour. However my dad wasn't keen on it, which is a shame as I was planning on freezing it for some of his future meals. Looks like I will have to spice it up a bit and eat it all myself!
Burgers - these were a bit boring. I served with mash, veg and gravy. But once I added mint sauce to them, they were much better. I tried one cold later and it was ok and you could realy taste the red pepper, although not fantastic. I have frozen the burgers/roasts for later use and plan on eating some of the stew tomorrow when at work and look forward to my kidney bean bake and veg when I get home. I wouldn't say this was a total failure, there is just more flavour needed. However, I am not planning on repeating this experiment or the original recipe I started out to try.

Don't give up when recipes go wrong!

Kidney bean bake/burgers/sandwich spread

Today I decided to make some kidney bean burgers, that a friend featured on her blog this week. I had recently purchased some gillian mckeith organic tinned beans for just 19p a can, so this was a ideal recipe for me to use a tin up. Unfortunately they didn't turn out like burgers for me, the soft mixture just stuck to the pan. I notice Christine had used a non stick pan and I guess that was the answer. The original burgers are featured here and if you have a non stick pan, I suggest you try them. Anyway depite a lot of the burger sticking to the pan, they did taste delicious, so thanks Christine. I served with salad and 2 potato waffles. The mixture uncooked would make a very good sandwich spread. I did use 1/4 red pepper and a dash of chilli powder instead of the chillis, but everything else I did the same.

I then added to the leftover mixture the rest of the tofu and kidney beans and thickened the rest of the mixture with 2 slices bread, 3 oatcakes and baby instant oats and stuck it in a loaf pan to bake for dinner this evening to serve with potatoes, loads of veg and gravy. The mixture was very thick at this point and I could of easily shaped it into burger shapes, but faced with the washing up, I decided to go for the easy option of placing it in a non stick silicone loaf pan.

I baked for 30 mins at 180C and then sliced the kidney bean bake to serve. It was still soft, so perhaps it would of been better as burgers. However it was very tasty and something I would do again. It was more like a kidney bean pate than a bake, so I know what I'm taking to work tomorrow in my sandwiches!! UPDATE: It was delicious in a salad sandwich, although it had firmed up. So the rest will serve with potatoes, veg and gravy at the weekend. Yum!

So basically if you want to experiment feel free. Thanks Christine for sharing the burger recipe.

Make Do and Mend - Umbrellas

As you know its better to repair or reuse before recycling or disposing of a product. I often see unbrellas sticking out of bins as if they are disposable products. We have all had broken umbrellas, but when you can by them as cheaply as a pound, its no wonder they are often thrown away rather than repaired with a few stitches.
Here is a free tutorial on repairing a umbrella on the burda website.


There is other free patterns as well for those that like to sew.

Spicy Millet

I have a lot of millet that I have neglected to use in recipes. So over the next week or two I hope to recify this. Here is the first recipe which I have done before and usually serve with salad. This recipe isn't very spicy, just a flavourful hint. You can of course add more.

Spicy Millet (to serve 2-3)

1/2 tbsp rapeseed oil
1/4 tsp cumin
1/4 tsp tumeric

1/2 onion
1/2 red pepper
1 carrot
4oz millet grain
1/2 litre vegetable stock
4 oz frozen peas

1/2 tsp lemon juice
1/4 tsp dried mint (can use fresh in the summer)

Chop the onion and pepper and grate the carrot. Put the oil, cumin and tumeric in a pan and heat until warm, add the chopped onion and pepper. Stir and add hot water to cover and cook for 5 mins on a moderate heat with lid on. Make up the vegetable stock and add to the pan with the millet grain. Bring to boil, the cover and simmer for 20 mins. Add the peas and grated carrot and cook for a further 5-10 mins, stiring as necessary. Stir in the lemon juice and mint. Serve with salad

Another mushroom bake experiment

Had some mushrooms leftover again today, so made another savoury loaf, used just what I had lying around, nothing was measured. Just thought I'd share anyway. Not ment to be a recipe as such, just sharing with you the fact that you should be scared of experimenting. Well you might be wondering why the baby oats, especially when I don't have a baby. Well they were selling 3 packs of organix baby oats for a pound, thats why! I could resist the bargain and thought it would make a good thickener, when making this type of dish.

Some mushroom stalks, so around the equivelent of 5 medium button mushrooms, chopped up

about 1/8 fennel chopped, plus some fennel seeds

1 onion chopped

Some frozen chestnuts

A good squirt of chili tomato puree

A few slices of bread and some bread sticks broken up

yeast extract mixed with a bit hot water

fig and apple instant baby oats!

I fried the onion, mushrooms, chestnuts, fennel, fennel seeds in olive oil and the added some water when it started to stick to get the taste of the brown bits from the bottom of the pan, then when it went dry I added it to my other ingredients. Which I had already broken up the bread and bread stick and added the yeast extract and hot water mix and this made a thick mess! I then combined the bread mixture and the mushroom mixture and then added the instant oats to thicken. I then baked for about 20 mins at 180.

May not appeal to you and certainly not as nice as last weeks mushroom bake, just don't be afraid of experimenting with your leftovers.

Pancake Day

If you are wondering how vegans make pancakes for pancake day. Please see my earlier post here....

Coconut macaroons

A few of you will know that I am working on a banana cookbook. Well I want to make vegan coconut macaroons for the book. So obviously there will be no evaporated milk or egg white. I have looked at a few recipes and will be experimenting. So today I started with the basic two ingredients to see what they turned out like, before I start adding sugar etc. Well surprisingly they are tasty as they are and sugarfree. Basic recipe was just 1 banana mashed with some coconut and baked for 20 minutes!

Walnut 'sausage' roll and pecan apple crumble

Dinner today was walnut 'sausage' roll followed by pecan apple crumble and provamel cream, yum........
Walnut 'sausage roll'
This recipe was based around ready rolled puff pastry, (but of course you can make your own) and a veggie sausagemeat mix such as asda own or granose.
1 red onion, chopped
1 tbsp olive oil
100g shelled walnuts, chopped
1/2 packet veggie sausage mix (I made up it all and then rolled the rest into balls and cooked at the same time, I will then add them to a hotpot later in the week)
1 slice bread
200g puff pastry
Fry onion in olive oil. Make up sausage mix. Bread up bread and add to sausage mix, along with the fried onion and chopped walnuts. Roll out pastry into a square, put mixture down the middle. Bring the pastry up to the top, sealing with cold water. Press the seams with a fork and prick the top. Cook until brown at about 200c for about 30 mins depending on your oven. You can brush the top with soya milk to brown. Check the oven after 20 mins and then keep an eye on it, so you don't over cook it.
Take out of oven and cut into slices and serve with mash, vegetable and gravy.

Pecan apple crumble
Cook some chopped apples in apple juice for 5 minutes, put into a oven dish with the juice. Top with a mixture of chopped pecans, oats, unsweetened desiccated coconut and brown sugar. I cooked alongside the walnut sausage roll for 30 mins. I then served warm with soya cream, yum! Use quantities to suit what you have and your tastes.

Glasson Docks

Went to Glasson Docks today to see what it was like, whilst walking I took a few photos. When walking over the canal, there is a working docks on one side and a marina on the other. Then over the other side there is the River Lune with mountain views in the distance. On the road into Glasson there was a sign, that said road liable to flooding. We were only there about half an hour and when we left, despite it not raining, the road was flooded. So we had to drive through 3-4 inches of water to get out of the village along the only road in and out. Apparently this was because the tide had come in!